The Benedictine community is rooted in a particular place in which mutual service, especially in mundane everyday life, is demanded of all with no expectation of individual reward. Monks (men) - Benedictine Rule: A monk is a man who has chosen to devote his life to a certain discipline of prayer. Stability: The Benedictine Value of Locatedness | Benedictine Center […] rather than continually traveling on to somewhere else. 15th century, in the meaning defined above. Abbot Benedict of Nursia, depicted in the act of writing the Benedictine Rule, painting by Herman Nieg, 1926; in the church of Heiligenkreuz Abbey near Baden bei Wien, Lower Austria. Term. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. The rules he established were called Benedictine Rule. The Rule of St. Benedict arose from an era when a great civilization was threatened by violence, economic forces that favored the wealthy, political leaders that lacked the trust of the public, and rampant xenophobia. The Rule of St. Benedict was the standard monastic rule in the Western church by the 9th century, and it served as the basis for the later Cluniac and Cistercian reform movements. “Benedictine.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Benedictine. The monastic rule of life drawn up by St. Benedict of Nursia. And the fourth kind is that of the monks called Girovagi, who are all their lives guests for three or four days at a time in the different groups of cells through the various provinces. During the 1500 years of its existence, it has become the leading guide in Western Christianity for monastic living in community. …most contemporary monastic rules, the Benedictine Rule emphasizes less austerity and contemplation and more common life and common work in charity and harmony. The new regulations demanded severe asceticism; they rejected all feudal revenues and reintroduced manual labour for…, …was exact observance of the Rule of St. Benedict, with emphasis on simplicity, poverty, and manual work. These values give us a set of practices for a life modeled on Jesus. The monks formed a sort of corporation, presided over by an abbot, who held office for life. A ‘feast' refers to the day of the year that the Catholic Church assigns to a saint, when she or he is remembered and specially honored. L et us get up then, at long last, for the Scriptures rouse us 3 when they say, “It is high time for us to arise from sleep” It was the Rule of St. Benedict, derived from various and disparate sources, that provided for the monastic way of life a directory, at once practical and spiritual, that continued in force after 1,500 years. The term conversatio morum is found in chapter 58 of the Rule of St. Benedict. The entire document is less than a hundred pages. By 800, abbeys existed throughout western Europe, and the observance of Benedict’s Rule was fostered by Charlemagne and, especially, his…, Benedict’s rule provided for a monastic day of work, prayer, and contemplation, offering psychological balance in the monk’s life. This tradition is guided by values distilled from the Rule of St. Benedict, written in the sixth century by St. Benedict, the founder of the Benedictine monastic order. Rule of St. Benedict, written in Beneventan script at Montecassino, Italy, late 11th century. Meaning of Benedictine. Later, in Chapter 7 of the Rule, we find that “The first step of humility, then, is that a man keeps the fear of God always before his eyes (Ps 35[36]:20) and never forgets it.” If we think that the Master wrote these Chapters, which is probable, and that the Master had this clear contradiction, then we must wonder why Benedict took it over. In 520 CE, a priest named Benedict built a monastery in Italy. Did you ever wonder who St. Benedict is, what his Rule is all about, and what this means for us as a Benedictine college? Benedictine life is built around a fundamental discipline of prayer, work and relationships that is set forth in the Rule and that seeks to free a monastic to take delight in God's presence within the self, the community and the world. To control the monks of Monte Cassino St. Benedict framed a Rule, or constitution, which was modelled in some respects upon the earlier Rule of St. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Basil. Delivered to your inbox! The earliest chronicler says that when Monte Cassi… Benedictinism 1. the rule for monastic life developed by St. Benedict, used by several religious orders. Accessed 1 Jan. 2021. …to strict observance of the Benedictine Rule and especially to historical and ecclesiastical scholarship. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. About the Rule of Saint Benedict By Sr. JM McClure, OSB The Rule of St. Benedict This article, written by Sister Jane Michele McClure, OSB, originally appeared in Crossings , a tri-annual publication of the Sisters of St. Benedict of Ferdinand, Indiana. Monastic dress included habit, girdle or belt, hood or cowl, and scapular (a long narrow cloth worn over the tunic). Benedictine Rule - The Rule of St. Benedict 528AD. Benedictine Rule. Driven from Constantinople in 1703, the Mechitarists moved to Modon in Morea (1703–15) and finally settled in 1717 on the island of San Lazzaro, Venice,…, The Benedictine Rule—initiated by St. Benedict of Nursia—succeeded in the West because of its simplicity and restraint; more formidable alternatives were available in the 6th century. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? The Maurists excelled both as editors and as historians, and many of their texts remain the best available. They were pioneers in critical medieval history, and their work has attached the adjective “learned” to the Benedictines. 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