Brandywine was the first significant combat experienced by the 9th Pennsylvania Regiment.  This data is inconsistent with General Conway’s letter of August 15, 1777 to the Board of War, Supreme Executive Council of Pennsylvania, indicating, “The four Pennsylvania Regiments in Brigade are Very Weak one is two hundred men strong, the three others are upon an average, one hundred and sixty.” General Conway may have intentionally understated the strength of his regiments to dramatize the situation with the political leadership of Pennsylvania or the numbers of men available for duty may have been well below the number accounted for and paid. Our work has been featured by the New York Times, TIME magazine, History Channel, Discovery Channel, Smithsonian, Mental Floss, NPR, and more. Captain Francis Nichols moved from company command to regimental major. By modern standards this percentage of losses would render a unit combat ineffective. By all accounts the regiment performed well under the stress of combat, suffering significant casualties in standing their ground against a numerically larger and better trained and experienced enemy. The Widow’s Apron: Life, Death, and a Forgotten Skirmish Along the Old Blackstock Road, Ethan Allen’s “Motley Parcel of Soldiery” at Montreal, Best of Dispatches: Michael W. Twitty on the Legacy of African American Cuisine, Peter Francisco: Distinguishing Fact from Fiction, Hospital thru Feb. 1778, no further record, Returned to duty Nov. 1777; deserted 14 June 1778, Hospital Oct. 1777, returned to duty Nov.; deserted 29 May 1778, Hospital thru Feb. 1778; furlough May; returned to duty June 1778, On furlough Feb. 1778; returned to duty June 1778 (Note 2), Hospital Oct. 1778 to Feb. 1778; location unknown May 1778 (Note 3), POW; enlisted in Maryland Loyalists Nov. 6, 1777, deserted Feb. 27, 1778; returned to 9, Missing; enlisted in Maryland Loyalists Nov. 6, 1777 (Note 2), Absent; sick in hospital Dec 1777, no further record, No further record in regiment; enlisted Pennsylvania Loyalists Nov. 6, 1777 (Note 2), Missing; no further record in regiment; enlisted in Royal Hunters Oct. 7, 1777 (Note 2), Missing; sick hospital Oct. 1777 to Feb. 1778; location unknown May & June 1778; possibly enlisted in Maryland Loyalists Nov 6, 1777 (Note 2).  Braisted, 9th Pennsylvania Regiment: Continental Deserters; Jacob Ringler enlisted November 6, 1777 in the Maryland Loyalists. The commanding officer, Lt. Col. George Nagel, received a promotion to colonel and served as commanding officer of the 10th Pennsylvania Regiment from February 7, 1778 to July 1, 1778. Most accounts of the American loss were from the British side.  Sullivan, Letters and Papers of Major-General John Sullivan, 462-464; Harris, Brandywine, 271-272. Another fact that stands out is the number of wounded men who returned to duty, eleven of the sixteen men or sixty-nine percent.  The Continental Congress, the states, General Washington and unit leaders persisted and prevailed when similar losses and personnel turbulence would render units combat ineffective in today’s environment. The data on missing soldiers was much more difficult to extract from the muster and pay records and represents the best data available. The light dragoons had to retreat back to Elizabethtown after their humiliating defeat.  Sterling’s and Stephen’s divisions were consolidated in one central location while portions of Sullivan’s division extended over four miles north along Brandywine Creek. Wounded include one sergeant, one corporal and fourteen privates. Can you point me in the direction of other sources pertaining to the 9th Pennsylvania, and particularly the contribution of those from Westmoreland County? Anthony Wayne’s division also fought a delaying action in the vicinity of Chad’s Ford. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, was fought between the American Continental Army of General George Washington and the British Army of General Sir William Howe on September 11, 1777, as part of the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783). , Payroll data for the month of August 1777 reflects a total 9th Pennsylvania Regimental strength of 332 officer and men. Five of these men returned within two months and all eleven by June of 1778, with only one recorded death; however, three of these men would eventually desert during May and June 1778. The 100 Best American Revolution Books of All Time, https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/06/02/remarks-president-presentation-medal-honor, New Light on Battle Casualties: The 9th Pennsylvania Regiment at Brandywine, Better to Eat That Apple a Day: Medicine in the Revolutionary Era. This position is often referred to as Battle Hill, high ground covered with trees, an excellent defensive position. The Battle of Brandywine, also known as the Battle of Brandywine Creek, ... No casualty return for the American army at Brandywine survives and no figures, official or otherwise, were ever released. Major General Greene estimated American losses at 1,200 men. 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